Cara Install Nginx di CentOS secara Manual

 CentOS, Tutorial, Webserver

Pada artikel sebelumnya sudah pernah membahas tentang cara install nginx via yum pada CentOS 5 atau 6, dan berikut tutorial cara install nginx secara manual (compile Nginx from source) pada CentOS VPS

  • kalau sudah terinstall nginx via yum diremove dulu
    yum remove nginx
  • Install packages yang dibutuhkan untuk compile nginx
    yum install gcc gcc-c++ make zlib-devel pcre-devel openssl-devel
  • Download Nginx
    Download versi nginx yang terakhir (stable) disini

    wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.6.1.tar.gz
  • Extract nginx yang sudah didownload tadi
    tar -zxvf nginx-1.6.1.tar.gz

    Cara Install Nginx di CentOS secara Manual 1

  • Masuk kedirektori nginx yang sudah diekstrak
    cd nginx-1.6.1

    Cara Install Nginx di CentOS secara Manual 2

  • Compiling nginx
    ./configure --prefix=/etc/nginx --sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx --conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf --error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log --http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log --pid-path=/var/run/nginx.pid --lock-path=/var/run/nginx.lock --http-client-body-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/client_temp --http-proxy-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/proxy_temp --http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/fastcgi_temp --http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/uwsgi_temp --http-scgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/scgi_temp --user=nginx --group=nginx --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_realip_module --with-http_addition_module --with-http_sub_module --with-http_dav_module --with-http_flv_module --with-http_mp4_module --with-http_gunzip_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-http_random_index_module --with-http_secure_link_module --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_auth_request_module --with-mail --with-mail_ssl_module --with-file-aio --with-ipv6 --with-http_spdy_module --with-cc-opt='-O2 -g -pipe -Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fexceptions -fstack-protector --param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -m32 -march=i386 -mtune=generic -fasynchronous-unwind-tables'; make; make install

    Cara Install Nginx di CentOS secara Manual 3

  • Tambahkan script Nginx init
    nano /etc/init.d/nginx

    lalu paste script dibawah ini

    #!/bin/sh
    #
    # nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemon
    #
    # chkconfig:   - 85 15
    # description:  Nginx is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse 
    #               proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server
    # processname: nginx
    # config:      /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
    # config:      /etc/sysconfig/nginx
    # pidfile:     /var/run/nginx.pid
    
    # Source function library.
    . /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
    
    # Source networking configuration.
    . /etc/sysconfig/network
    
    # Check that networking is up.
    [ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0
    
    nginx="/usr/sbin/nginx"
    prog=$(basename $nginx)
    
    sysconfig="/etc/sysconfig/$prog"
    lockfile="/var/lock/subsys/nginx"
    pidfile="/var/run/${prog}.pid"
    
    NGINX_CONF_FILE="/etc/nginx/nginx.conf"
    
    [ -f $sysconfig ] && . $sysconfig
    
    
    start() {
        [ -x $nginx ] || exit 5
        [ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6
        echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
        daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
        retval=$?
        echo
        [ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
        return $retval
    }
    
    stop() {
        echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
        killproc -p $pidfile $prog
        retval=$?
        echo
        [ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
        return $retval
    }
    
    restart() {
        configtest_q || return 6
        stop
        start
    }
    
    reload() {
        configtest_q || return 6
        echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
        killproc -p $pidfile $prog -HUP
        echo
    }
    
    configtest() {
        $nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
    }
    
    configtest_q() {
        $nginx -t -q -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
    }
    
    rh_status() {
        status $prog
    }
    
    rh_status_q() {
        rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
    }
    
    # Upgrade the binary with no downtime.
    upgrade() {
        local oldbin_pidfile="${pidfile}.oldbin"
    
        configtest_q || return 6
        echo -n $"Upgrading $prog: "
        killproc -p $pidfile $prog -USR2
        retval=$?
        sleep 1
        if [[ -f ${oldbin_pidfile} && -f ${pidfile} ]];  then
            killproc -p $oldbin_pidfile $prog -QUIT
            success $"$prog online upgrade"
            echo 
            return 0
        else
            failure $"$prog online upgrade"
            echo
            return 1
        fi
    }
    
    # Tell nginx to reopen logs
    reopen_logs() {
        configtest_q || return 6
        echo -n $"Reopening $prog logs: "
        killproc -p $pidfile $prog -USR1
        retval=$?
        echo
        return $retval
    }
    
    case "$1" in
        start)
            rh_status_q && exit 0
            $1
            ;;
        stop)
            rh_status_q || exit 0
            $1
            ;;
        restart|configtest|reopen_logs)
            $1
            ;;
        force-reload|upgrade) 
            rh_status_q || exit 7
            upgrade
            ;;
        reload)
            rh_status_q || exit 7
            $1
            ;;
        status|status_q)
            rh_$1
            ;;
        condrestart|try-restart)
            rh_status_q || exit 7
            restart
         ;;
        *)
            echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|reload|configtest|status|force-reload|upgrade|restart|reopen_logs}"
            exit 2
    esac
    

    Cara Install Nginx di CentOS secara Manual 4

  • Permission untuk nginx init
    chmod +x /etc/init.d/nginx

    Cara Install Nginx di CentOS secara Manual 5

  • Start Nginx
    service nginx start

    Cara Install Nginx di CentOS secara Manual 6

Untuk selanjutnya silahkan menuju artikel cara membuat virtualhost nginx